Hors Frontières

Liste des pays et territoires

Share on Facebook0Tweet about this on TwitterShare on Google+0

Afin de pouvoir procéder à un tour du monde ou de devenir un grand voyageur, il faut avant tout savoir où vous allez vous rendre. Et comment caractériser les territoires que vous allez traverser.

Il n’existe pas énormément de groupes de voyageurs, mais le Traveler’s Century club en est un des plus connus. Il regroupe les voyageurs désireux de voyager dans plusieurs pays.

A ce jour, Cette liste comprend les 197 États reconnus par l’ONU :
ses 193 états membres,
ses 2 États observateurs permanents : le Vatican et la Palestine.
2 États ni membres ni observateurs permanents mais membres à part entière de plusieurs agences spécialisées de l’ONU: les îles Cook et Niue.

Néanmoins, la géopolitique internationale fait, à travers ses changements constants, de cette liste, un raccourci inacceptable pour un voyageur et bien souvent, un pays ne se visite pas seulement en y découvrant sa capitale, mais plusieurs de ses endroits stratégiques.

La liste ainsi fournie par le Traveler’s Century Club regroupe les territoires au nombre de 321, et une visite d’au moins cent d’entre eux permet de rejoindre les rangs de ce club de voyageur.

Tout en sachant que cette liste en Anglais est définie à travers une étude de la politique, de la géographie et de l’ethnie de chacun de ces territoires. Et quand bien même certains d’entre eux, font partie du même pays, ils composent bel et bien des territoires différents. C’est le cas de la France avec par exemple la métropole, la Corse, la Polynésie ou les Caraïbes, qui composent le même pays, mais forment des territoires différents.

• Abkhazia
• Abu Dhabi
• Admiralty Islands (see Bismarck Archipelago)
• Afghanistan
• Agalega (see Mauritius & Deps.)
• Aitutaki (see Cook Islands)
• Ajman
• Aland Islands (Mariehamn)
• Alaska
• Albania
• Aldabra (see Zil Elwannyen Sesel)
• Alderney (see Guernsey & Deps.)
• Algeria
• Amirante Island (see Zil Elwannyen Sesel)
• Amsterdam(see French Southern & Antarctic Territory)
• Anatolia (see Turkey in Asia)
• Andorra
• Angola
• Anguilla
• Anjouan (see Comoro Islands)
• Ankara (see Turkey in Asia)
• Antigua & Deps. (Barbuda, Redonda)
• Argentina
• Argentine Antarctica (Palmer Peninsula)
• Armenia (Yerevan)
• Aruba
• Ascension
• Atafu (see Tokelau Islands)
• Austral (see French Polynesia)
• Australia
• Australian Antarctic Territory South Pole
• (Mawson, Davis, Macquarie, Heard)
• Austria
• Azerbaijan (Baku)
• Andaman-Nicobar Islands
• Azores Islands
• Bahamas
• Bahrain
• Balearic Islands (Mallorca, Minorca)
• Bali (see Lesser Sunda Islands)
• Bangladesh
• Barbados
• Barbuda(see Antigua)
• Basutoland (see Lesotho)
• Bear Island (see Spitsbergen)
• Bechuanaland (see Bechuanaland)
• Belarus
• Belgium
• Belize (British Honduras)
• Benin (Dahomey)
• Bequia (see St. Vincent & Deps.)
• Bermuda
• Bhutan
• Bismark Archipelago (New Ireland, New Britain, Bougainville, Admiralty Islands)
• Bolivia
• Bonaire
• Bonin (see Ogasawara)
• Bosnia & Herzegovina (Sarajevo)
• Botswana (Bechuanaland)
• Bougainville (see Bismarck Archipelago)
• Bouvet (see Norwegian Antarctica)
• Brazil
• Brazzaville (see Congo, Republic of)
• British Antarctica (see Falkland Islands Dependencies)
• British Guiana (see Guyana)
• British Honduras (see Belize)
• British Indian Ocean Territory (Chagos Archipelago, Diego Garcia)
• British Somaliland (see Somaliland)
• British Togoland (see Ghana)
• Brunei
• Bulgaria
• Burkina Faso (Upper Volta)
• Burma (see Myanmar)
• Burundi (Urundi)
• Cabinda
• Caicos (see Turks & Caicos)
• Cambodia
• Cameroon
• Canada
• Canary Islands
• Canouan (see St. Vincent & Deps.)
• Canton (see Line/Phoenix Islands)
• Cape Verde Islands
• Caroline Islands (see Micronesia, Fed.States of )
• Carriacou (see Grenada & Deps.)
• Cayman Islands
• Celebes
• Central African Republic
• Ceuta (see Morocco,Spanish)
• Ceylon (see Sri Lanka)
• Chad
• Chagos Archipeloago (see British Indian Ocean Territory)
• Channel Islands (see Guernsey & Deps.)
• Chile
• Chilean Antarctica (Palmer Peninsula)
• China, People’s Republic of
• Christmas Island (Indian Ocean)
• Christmas Island (see Line/Phoenix Islands)
• Chuuk (see Micronesia, Fed.States of )
• Cocos Islands (Keeling)
• Colombia
• Comoro Islands (Anjouan, Moheli, Grand Comoro)
• Congo, Democratic Republic of (Kinshasa)
• Congo, Republic of (Brazzaville)
• Cook Islands (Rarotonga, Aitutaki, Penrhyn)
• Corfu (see Ionian Islands)
• Corsica
• Costa Rica
• Crete
• Croatia
• Crozet (see French Southern & Antarctic Territory)
• Cuba
• Curacao
• Cyprus, Republic of
• Cyprus, Turkish Fed. State of
Czech Republic
• Dahomey (see Benin)
• Davis (see Australian Antarctic Territory)
• Denmark
• Diego Garcia (see British Indian Ocean Territory)
• Djibouti
• Dodecanese Islands (Rhodes)
• Dominica
• Dominican Republic
• Dubai
• Dutch New Guinea (see Irian Jaya)
• Dzaoudzi (see Mayotte)
• Easter Island
• Ecuador
• Eire (see Ireland, Republic of)
• Egypt
• El Salvador
• Ellice Islands (see Tuvalu)
Enderbury (see Line/Phoenix Islands)
• England
• Eniwetok (see Marshall Islands, Republic of)
• Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni, Fernando Poo)
• Eritrea
• Estonia
Ethiopia
• Fakaofu (see Tokelau Islands)
• Falkland Islands
• Falkland Islands Dependencies (British Antarctica,Graham Land, South Shetland, South Sandwich, South Georgia, South Orkney)
• Fanning (see Line/Phoenix Islands)
• Faroe Islands
• Farquhar (see Zil Elwannyen Sesel)
• Fernando do Noronha
• Fernando Poo (see Equatorial Guinea)
• Finland
• France
• French Guiana
• French Guinea
• French Polynesia (Tahiti,Tuamotu, Austral, Gambier)
• French Southern & Antarctic Territory (Kerguelen,Crozet, Amsterdam, St. Paul)
• Fiji Islands
• Fujeirah
• Funafuti (see Tuvalu)
• Futuna (see Wallis & Futuna Islands)
• Gabon
• Galapagos Islands
• Gambia
• Gambier (see French Polynesia)
• Georgia
• Germany
• Ghana (Gold Coast, British Togoland)
• Gibraltar
• Gilberts (see Kiribati)
• Glorioso (see Reunion & Deps.)
• Gold Coast (see Ghana)
• Graham Land (see Falkland Islands Dependencies)
Grand Comoro (see Comoro Islands)
• Greece
• Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat)
• Grenada & Deps. (Carriacou, Grenadines)
• Grenadines (see Grenada & Deps., St. Vincent & Deps.)
• Guadalcanal
• Guadeloupe & Deps.(Marie Galante)
• Guam
• Guatemala
• Guernsey & Deps. (Alderney, Herm, Sark, Channel Islands)
• Guiana (see French Guiana)
• Guinea (French)
• Guinea-Bissau
• Guyana (British Guiana)
• Hainan Island
• Haiti
• Hawaiian Islands
• Heard (see Australian Antarctic Territory)
• Herm (see Guernsey & Deps)
• Herzegovina (see Bosnia & Herzegovina)
• Honduras
• Hong Kong
• Howland (see Line/Phoenix Islands)
• Hungary
• Iceland
• India
• Indonesia
• Indonesian Borneo (see Kalimantan)
• Ionian Islands (Corfu, etc.)
• Iran
• Iraq
• Ireland, Republic of (Eire)
• Ireland, Northern (Ulster)
• Irian Jaya (Dutch New Guinea)
• Isle of Man
• Israel
• Istanbul (see Turkey in Europe)
• Italian Somaliland (see Somalia)
• Italy
• Ivory Coast
• Iwo Jima (see Ogasawara)
• Izmir (see Turkey in Asia)
• Jamaica
• Japan
• Java
• Jeju Island (South Korea)
• Jersey (Channel Islands)
• Jordan
• Juan Fernandez Islands (Robinson Crusoe Island)
• Kalaallit Nunaat (see Greenland)
• Kalimantan (Indonesian Borneo)
• Kaliningrad
• Kashmir
• Kazakhstan
• Keeling (see Cocos Islands)
• Kenya
• Kerguelen (see French Southern & Antarctic Territory)
• Kinshasa (see Congo, Democratic Republic of)
• Kiribati (Gilberts,Tarawa, Ocean Island)
• Korea, North (Democratic People’s Repbublic of Korea)
• Korea, South (Republic of Korea)
• Kosovo
• Kosrae (see Micronesia, Fed.States of )
• Kuwait
• Kwajalein (see Marshall Islands, Republic of)
• Kyrgyzstan
• Lakshadweep
• Lampedusa
• Laos
• Latvia
• Lebanon
• Leeward Islands, French (St. Martin)
• Leeward Islands, Netherlands (Saba, St. Eustatius)
• Lesotho (Basutoland)
• Lesser Sunda Islands (Bali,Timor, Indonesia)
• Liberia
• Libya
• Liechtenstein
• Line/Phoenix Islands (Palmyra, Fanning, Christmas, Canton, Enderbury, Howland)
• Lithuania
• Lord Howe Island
• Loyalty Islands (see New Caledonia & Deps.)
• Luxembourg
• Macau
• Macedonia
• Macquarie (see Australian Antarctic Territory)
• Madagascar
• Madeira
• Majuro (see Marshall Islands, Republic of)
• Malawi (Nyasaland)
• Malaysia
• Maldive Islands
• Mali
• Mallorca (see Balearic Islands)
• Malta
• Marie Galante (see Guadeloupe & Deps.)
• Mariehamn (see Aland Islands)
• Marquesas Islands
• Marshall Islands, Republic of (Majuro, Kwajalein, Eniwetok)
• Mawson (see Australian Antarctic Territory)
• Martinique
• Mayotte (Dzaoudzi)
• Melilla (see Morocco,Spanish)
• Mexico
• Micronesia, Fed.States of (Pohnpei, Kosrae, Chuuk,Yap,Caroline Islands)
• Midway Island
• Minorca (see Balearic Islands)
• Miquelon (see St. Pierre & Miquelon)
• Moheli (see Comoro Islands)
• Moldova
• Moluka
• Monaco
• Mauritania
• Mauritius & Deps. (Agalega, St. Brandon)
• Mongolia, Rep.
• Montenegro
• Montserrat
• Morocco, Kingdom of
• Morocco,Spanish (Ceuta, Melilla)
• Mozambique
• Myanmar (Burma)
• Nakhichevan
• Namibia
• Nauru
• Nepal
• Netherlands
• Netherlands Antilles (see St. Maarten)
• Netherlands Guiana (see Suriname)
• Nevis (see St. Kitts & Nevis)
• New Britain (see Bismarck Archipelago)
• New Caledonia & Deps. (Noumea, Loyalty Islands)
• New Georgia (see Solomon Islands)
• New Hebrides Islands (see Vanuatu)
• New Ireland (see Bismarck Archipelago)
• New Zealand
• New Zealand Antarctica (Ross Dependency)
• Nicaragua
• Niger
• Nigeria
• Niue
• Norfolk Island
• North Borneo (see Sabah)
• Northern Marianas (Saipan, Tinian)
• Northern Rhodesia
• Norway
• Norwegian Antarctica (Queen Maud Land, Bouvet)
• Noumea (see New Caledonia & Deps.)
• Nukualofa
• Nunaat
• Nyasaland (see Malawi)
• Nicobar Islands (see Andaman-Nicobar Islands)
• Ocean Island (see Kiribati)
• Ogasawara (Bonin, Volcano Island, Iwo Jima)
• Okinawa (see Ryukyu Islands)
• Oman
• Pago Pago
• Pakistan
• Palau, Republic of
• Palestine
• Palmer Peninsula (see Argentine Antarctica and Chilean Antarctica)
• Palmyra (see Line/Phoenix Islands)
• Panama
• Papua New Guinea
• Paraguay
• Penrhyn (see Cook Islands)
• Peru
• Philippines
• Phoenix/Line Islands
• (Palmyra, Fanning, Christmas, Canton, Enderbury, Howland)
• Pitcairn Island
• Pohnpei (see Micronesia, Fed.States of )
• Poland
• Portugal
• Prince Edward Island
• Principe (see Sao Tome & Principe)
• Providencia (see San Andres & Providencia)
• Puerto Rico
• Qatar
• Queen Maud Land (see Norwegian Antarctica)
• Rarotonga(see Cook Islands)
• Ras Al Khaimah
• Redonda (see Antigua)
• Reunion & Deps. (Tromelin, Glorioso)
• Rhodes (see Dodecanese Islands)
• Rio Muni (see Equatorial Guinea)
• Robinson Crusoe Island (see Juan Fernandez Islands)
• Rodriguez Island
• Romania
• Ross Dependency (see New Zealand Antarctica)
• Russia
• Russia in Asia (see Siberia)
• Rwanda
• Ryukyu Islands (Okinawa)
• Saba (see Leeward Islands, Netherlands)
• Sabah (No. Borneo)
• Saipan (see Northern Marianas)
• Samoa (Apia)
• Samoa, American (Pago Pago)
• San Andres & Providencia
• San Marino
• Sao Tome & Principe
• Sarajevo (see Bosnia & Herzegovina)
• Sarawak
• Sardinia
• Sark (see Guernsey & Deps.)
• Saudi Arabia
• Scotland
• Senegal
• Serbia
• Seychelles
• Sharjah
• Siberia (Russia in Asia)
• Sicily
• Sierra Leone
• Sikkim
• Singapore
• Slovakia
• Slovenia
• Solomon Islands (Guadalcanal, New Georgia,Tulagi)
• Somalia (Italian Somaliland)
• Somaliland (British)
• South Africa
• South Georgia (see Falkland Islands Dependencies)
• South Orkney (see Falkland Islands Dependencies)
• South Sandwich (see Falkland Islands Dependencies)
• St. Lucia
• St. Maarten (formerly Netherlands Antilles)
• South Shetland (see Falkland Islands Dependencies)
• Southern Rhodesia (see Zimbabwe)
• Spain
• Spanish Sahara (see Western Sahara)
• Spitsbergen (Svalbard, Bear Island)
• Sri Lanka (Ceylon)
• Srpska
• St. Barts
• St. Brandon (see Mauritius & Deps.)
• St. Croix(see Virgin Islands, U.S.)
• St. Eustatius (see Leeward Islands, Netherlands)
• St. Helena
• St. John(see Virgin Islands, U.S.)
• St. Kitts & Nevis
• St. Martin (see Leeward Islands, French)
• St. Paul (see French Southern & Antarctic Territory)
• St. Pierre & Miquelon
• St. Thomas (see Virgin Islands, U.S.)
• St. Vincent & Deps. (Bequia, Canouan Grenadines)
• Sudan, North
• Sudan, South
• Sulawesi (Celebes, Indonesia)
• Sumatra (Indonesia)
• Suriname (Netherlands Guiana)
• Svalbard (see Spitsbergen)
• Swaziland
• Sweden
• Switzerland
• Syria
• Tahiti (see French Polynesia)
• Taiwan. R.O.C.
• Tajikistan
• Tanganyika (see Tanzania)
• Tanzania (Tanganyika)
• Tarawa (see Kiribati)
• Tasmania
• Thailand
• Tibet
• Timor, Indonesia (see Lesser Sunda Islands)
• Timor Leste
• Tinian (see Northern Marianas)
• Tobago (see Trinidad)
• Togo
• Tokelau Islands (Fakaofu, Atafu, Union)
• Tonga (Nukualofa)
• Tortola (see Virgin Islands, British)
• Trans Dniester
• Trinidad & Tobago
• Tristan de Cunha
• Tromelin (see Reunion & Deps.)
• Tuamotu (see French Polynesia)
• Tulagi (see Solomon Islands)
• Tunisia
• Turkey in Asia (Anatolia, Ankara, Izmir)
• Turkey in Europe (Istanbul)
• Turkmenistan
• Turks & Caicos Islands
• Tuvalu (Ellice Islands, Funafuti, Vaitapu)
• Uganda
• Ukraine
• Ulster (see Ireland, Northern)
• Umm Al Qaiwain
• Union Island (see Tokelau Islands)
• United States (continental)
• Upper Volta (see Burkina Faso)
• Uruguay
• Urundi (see Burundi)
• Uzbekistan
• Vaitapu (see Tuvalu)
• Vanuatu (New Hebrides Islands)
• Vatican City
• Venezuela
• Vietnam
• Virgin Islands, British (Tortola, etc.)
• Virgin Islands, U.S. (St. Croix, St. John, St. Thomas)
• Volcano Island (see Ogasawara)
• Wake Island
• Wales
• Wallis & Futuna Islands
• Western Sahara (Spanish Sahara)
• Yap (see Micronesia, Fed.States of)
• Yemen
• Yerevan (see Armenia)
• Zambia (No. Rhodesia)
• Zanzibar
• Zil Elwannyen Sesel (Aldabra, Farquhar, Amirante Is.)
• Zimbabwe (So. Rhodesia)